August 17, 2018
THC Vs. CBD- What’s the Difference
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are both natural compounds which are found in the cannabis plant. Both CBD and THC exist in the crystalline resinous trichomes that cover the mature cannabis flower, and both are the cannabinoids that we find most abundantly in cannabis.
THC is the main psychoactive component of the marijuana plant. In other words, THC is the primary agent responsible for creating the “euphoric” feeling associated with cannabis use. This compound works by imitating the effects of anandamide, a neurotransmitter produced naturally by the human body to help modulate sleeping and eating habits, as well as the perception of pain.
CBD has the same chemical formula as THC, but the atoms are arranged differently. This slight variance causes THC to create a psychoactive effect while CBD lacks such an influence.
How CBD vs THC Interact with Each Other
CBD interacts with the CBD1 receptor and is thought to modulate the psychotropic effects of THC by limiting its ability to bind to and stimulate the receptor. Therefore people don’t feel as “high” when using CBD-rich cannabis compared to when they consume products high in THC.
CBD can reduce some of the negative effects of THC by decreasing anxiety, paranoia and the short-term memory impairment often experienced when consuming cannabis. Studies suggests that a CBD-rich product with little THC can in fact share therapeutic benefits without having a euphoric or dysphoric effect.
The Entourage Effect
The entourage effect is the interaction of cannabis compounds (e.g., THC, CBD, terpenes, etc.) to produce certain physical effects. The entourage effect is vital in creating these physical effects, and some are impossible to achieve without it.
For example, THC is a great treatment for chronic pain, while CBD helps mitigate the symptoms of psychosis. While THC and CBD can be used to treat some of the same things, the specific, unique effects mentioned above can only be achieved by using one or the other.